Eye Deceptions: The Evolution Of George D. Greenís Painting
From The Late 1970s To The Present

Dalton, Kristin (Fine Arts)
Fritz, Katie (Graphic Design)
Klein, Dustin (Graphic Design)
Meyer, Rachelle (Graphic Design)
Schanzenbach, Luke (Graphic Design)

South Dakota State University – Spring 2008
Guest Editor and Project Coordinator: Dr. Leda Cempellin, Art Historian
All the images of paintings by George D. Green are reproduced courtesy of the artist. Our sincere gratitude to Dr. Dorothy I. Mitstifer for the final revision of this essay and to Louis K. Meisel for his interest in scholarly projects on this artist.

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References – Primary Sources

1. Green, George, Letter to the Spring Term Seminar, 2/16/08

2. Green, George, Letter to the Spring Term Seminar, 2/28/08

3. Green, George, Letter to the Spring Term Seminar, 3/17/08

4. Green, George, About These Pictures, 11/28/04

5. Green, George, Interview with Leda Cempellin, 2004 (unpublished)


References – Secondary Sources

6. Andrews, Lew. Story and Space in Renaissance art: the Rebirth of Continuous Narrative. Cambridge - New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

7. Arnason, Harvard H. History of Modern Art. Fifth Edition. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, Inc. 2004.

8. Belasco, Daniel. “Hyperrealism, USA 1965-75.” Art in America, vol. 92, no. 3, March 2004: 55-59.

9. Butler, Adam, Van Cleave, Claire and Stirling Susan. The Art Book. London-New York: Phaidon Press Inc., 1994.

10. Butler, Christopher. Postmodernism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

11. Cempellin, Leda. “Abstract Illusionism: A Perspective”. Conference Proceedings. Honolulu: Hawaii International Conference on Arts and Humanities, 2007 (www.hichumanities.org).

12. Cohen, Joel. “George D. Green’s Paintings: Visually Deceptive Space”. Airbrush Action, vol.9, no.2, July-August 1993: 10-19.

13. Colpitt, Frances, ed. Abstract art in the late twentieth century. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

14. Downes, Rackstraw. “Post-Modernist Painting”. Tracks, Fall 1976, 72.

15. Eddy, Don, George Green. Exhibition catalog. Paris: Lavignes Bastille, and New York: Louis K. Meilsel Gallery, Sept.-Oct. 1991.

16. Fineberg, Jonathan. Art Since 1940: Strategies of Being, Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2003.

17. Friedman, Bernard H. Jackson Pollock; energy made visible. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972.

18. Garrels, Gary. Sol LeWitt: a Retrospective. Catalog of the exhibition at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2000.

19. Graze, Sue. Elizabeth Murray. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1987.

20. Greenberg, Clement. “Modernist Painting” O'Brien, vol. 4, pp. 85-93 (originally published in Forum Lectures [Washington, D.C., 1960])

21. Greenberg, Clement. Collage Critical Views. London: UMI Research Press, 1989 . Article originally appeared as a chapter in Art and Culture, by Clement Greenberg. Boston: Beacon Press, 1961.

22. Greenberg, Clement. “Abstract Art”. The Nation, April 15, 1944 (reprinted in O'Brian, vol. 1, p. 201. 28).

23. Greenberg, Clement. “Abstract Art”. Modern Art in the USA: Issues and Controversies of the XX Century, Ed. Patricia Hills. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001, 146-150.

24. Grootenboer, Hanneke. The Rhetoric of Perspective. Chicago: The University of Chicago, 2005.

25. Hills, Patricia, Modern Art in the USA. Upper Saddler River: Prentice Hall Inc., 2001.

26. Hofmann, Hans. Search for the Real and Other Essays. Cambridge, Massachussets: M. I. T. Press 1967.

27. Hofmann, Hans F. Breakthrough to Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 1969.

28. Hopkins, David. After Modern Art 1945–2000. Oxford - New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

29. Hutton, Helen. The Technique of Collage. London - New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1968.

30. Jachec, Nancy. “Modernism, enlightenment values, and Clement Greenberg”, Oxford Art Journal vol. 21, no. 2, 1998: 121-132.

31. Janson, Chiu, Greene, Morton, Schulberg, Thomson, Tschirky. Seven Centuries of Art: Survey and Index. Time Life Books, 1970.

32. Kaprow, Allan, “The Legacy of Jackson Pollock”, Artnews, October 1958: 26.

33. Kleiner, Fred S. and Mamiya, Christian J. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages. 12 th edition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.

34. Leoni-Figini, Margherita, Robert Rauschenberg Combines (1953-64). (http://www.centre-pompidou.net/education/ressources/ENS-Rauschenberg-EN/ENS-rauschenberg-EN.htm)

35. Lynton, Norbert. Landmarks Of The World’s Art: The Modern World. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965.

36. McEvilley, Thomas. “Modernism, Post-Modernism, and the End of Art”. New England Review – Middlebury Series vol. 27, no. 1, 2006: 129-148.

37. Milman, Miriam. Trompe-l’Oeil Painting. New York: Rizzoli, 1983.

38. Overy, Paul. Kandinsky: The Language of the Eye. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1969.

39. Price Grieve, Gregory. “ One and Three Bhairavas: The Hypocrisy of Iconographic Mediation”. Rever – Revista de Estudios da Religiao, vol. 4, year 5, 2005, pp.63-79. http://www.pucsp.br/rever/rv4_2005/t_grieve.htm

40. Riley, Charles. Ben Schonzeit: Paintings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 200.2

41. Sandler, Irving. “Modernism, Revisionism, Pluralism, and Post-Modernism”. Art Journal, vol. 40, no. 1-2, 1980: 345-347.

42. “Shapes of things to come (Elizabeth Murray)”. Artforum International. Vol. 44, No. 3, Nov 2005: 208-213.

43. Stella, Frank. Working Space. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.

44. Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History: Eighteen to Twenty-First Century Art. 3 rd ed., vol.6. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2009.

45. Taylor, Roger. “ Modernism, Post-Modernism, Realism. A Critical Perspective for Art”. Taylor, B., British Journal of Aesthetics, vol. 28, no. 3, Summer 1988: 287-289.

46. Todd, J.G. “Post-Modernism in United States Art (1965-1980) and the Art of Weimar Germany (1918-1933). Journal of American Culture, vol.8, no. 1 (1985): 59-71.

47 Torczyner, Harry. Magritte, ideas and images. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1977.

48. Turvey, Lisa. “Stella: Painting into Architecture.” Artforum vol. 46, no. 2, October 2007: 364-365.

49. Vallier, Dora. Abstract Art. New York: Orion Press, 1970.

50. Vincent, Steven. “Listening to Pop (Viewing Claes Oldenburg retrospective at the Guggenheim in New York)”. Antioch Review, vol. 55, No.1 (Win 1997): 96-105.

51. Weeks, Sara T. and Hayes, Bartlett H., ed.. Search for the real, by Hans Hofmann. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1968.

52. Weiss, Peg, Kandinsky and Old Russia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

53. Whitford, Frank, Kandinsky: Watercolours and other Works on Paper. London: Thames and Hudson, 1999.

54. Whittet, George S. Contemporary Artists Second Edition. Frank Stella. New York: Macmillian Publishers LTD., 1977, 1983: 886.

55. Zelanski, Paul and Fisher, Mary Pat. The Art of Seeing. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall., Inc., 2002.


List of Illustrations

George D. Green (illustrations in the essay)

Fig. 1: George D. Green, Untitled #9, 1976

Fig. 2: George D. Green, Bare Narious Ojay, 1979

Fig. 3: George D. Green, Fox Trot, 1981

Fig. 4: George D. Green, Podge-Wade, 1981

Fig. 5 : George D. Green, Holy Rollers, 1982

Fig. 6: George D. Green, Boogie Woogie Country Man, 1986

Fig. 7: George D. Green, Invisible Clarities Breezing Asleep , 1987

Fig. 8: George D. Green, Setting the Woods on Fire, 1987

Fig. 9: George D. Green, preparatory drawing for Setting the Woods on Fire, 1987

Fig. 10: George D. Green, Minding Dog Rag, 1987

Fig. 11: George D. Green, The Eccentric Beauty, 1988

Fig. 12: George D. Green, Neskowin North Coast Blues, 1989

Fig. 13: George D. Green, Neskowin North Coast Blues #6, 1989

Fig. 14: George D. Green, Neskowin North Coast Blues #7, 1989

Fig. 15: George D. Green, Neskowin North Coast Blues #8 1989

Fig. 16: George D. Green, Neskowin North Coast Blues #10 1989

Fig. 17: George D. Green, Tropical Island Country & Western Suite #3, 1990

Fig. 18: George D. Green, Neskowin Spring Suite #11, 1991

Fig. 19: George D. Green, Neskowin Spring Suite #12, 1991

Fig. 20: George D. Green, Gateway Star, 1991

Fig. 21: George D. Green, Jockey of Artemisium, 1997

Fig. 22: George D. Green, Gravityspool, 1997

Fig. 23: George D. Green, Untitled, 1997

Fig. 24: George D. Green, A Natural Wonder, 1998

Fig. 25: George D. Green, Horizon, 1999

Fig. 26: George D. Green, Pictures from the Monroe: Sphere, 2001

Fig. 27: George D. Green, Picture from the Monroe: Focus 27, 2001

Fig. 28: George D. Green, Untitled, 2003

Fig. 29: George D. Green, Seven Days, 2003

Fig. 30: George D. Green, The Elements, two panels, 2005

Fig. 31: George D. Green, Mendocino to Gold Beach, 2005

Fig. 32: George D. Green, Zone of Middle Dimension I , 2007


General Art (not illustrated: hyperlinks provided)

Fig. 33: Funerary Mask of Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600-1500 BCE http://www.ou.edu/finearts/art/ahi4913/aegeanslides/135.jpg

Fig. 34:Aphrodite of Delos, ca. 100 BCE http://rack1.ul.cs.cmu.edu/greek/greek5.htm

Fig. 35: Jan Van Eyck, Annunciation Diptych, 1435-1441. http://www.museothyssen.org/thyssen_ing/coleccion/obras_ficha_texto_print660.html

Fig. 36: Andrea Mantegna, Ceiling Fresco: Palazzo Ducale, 1461. http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=99427&rendTypeId=4

Fig. 37: Baccio Pontelli, Studiolo , 1476 http://www.metmuseum.org/store/images/Z.pr.B0206.L.jpg

Fig. 38: Wallerant Vaillant, Letter Rack, 1658. http://wwar.com/newsletter/images/2002/10/2002-10-14-4946.jpg

Fig. 39: Norbertus Cornelius Gijsbrecht, Turned-over Canvas , 1670. http://www.ivarhagendoorn.com/files/blog/gijsbrechts_1.jpg

Fig. 40: Pablo Picasso, Still Life with Chair Caning, 1912. http://home.vs.moe.edu.sg/whitenoise/Images/F_C_E/Picasso/SL_ChairCaning11-2.jpg

Fig. 41: Wassily Kandinsky, Small World’s 9, 1922. http://www.npl.org/Media/Features/nna/Image6.gif

Fig. 42: Wassily Kandinsky, Dream Motion, 1923. http://richardtaylor.co.uk/kandinsky/dreammotion.jpg

Fig. 43: Hanna Hoch, Der Traum seines Lebens, 1925. Hutton, H., The Technique of Collage, Watson-Guptill Publications, 1968: 108

Fig. 44: René Magritte, In The Human Condition, 1934. http://www.uh.edu/~englmi/i/trompe/trompeloeilBorges-01.jpg

Fig. 45: René Magritte, Green Hills, 1934. Hutton, H., The Technique of Collage, Watson-Guptill Publications, 1968: 81

Fig. 46: Wassily Kandinsky, Quiet Impulse, 1939. http://richardtaylor.co.uk/kandinsky/quietimpulse.jpg

Fig. 47: Piet Mondrian, Broadway Boogie-Woogie, 1942-43. http://www.moma.org/images/collection/FullSizes/00303025.jpg

Fig. 48: Raul Lozza, Analytical Structure, 1946. http://a.theoretic.org/arte/30.gif

Fig. 49: Jackson Pollock, Full Fathom Five, 1947. http://www.moma.org/images/collection/FullSizes/00323032.jpg

Fig. 50: Jackson Pollock, Number 1, 1948. http://2modern.blogs.com/photos/uncategorized/jackson_pollock_1.jpg

Fig. 51: Jackson Pollock at work (photo by Hans Namuth), 1950. http://bcm.bc.edu/wp-content/images/summer_2007/for-arts-sake-1.jpg

Fig. 52: Joseph Albers, Structural Constellation, 1953. http://caad.arch.ethz.ch/teaching/nds/ws96/script/space/img-space/albers-constellations.jpg

Fig. 53: Yves Klein, Sculpture of Arman, 1960. http://members.aol.com/mindwebart3/arman.jpg

Fig. 54: Claes Oldenburg, The Store, 1961. http://www.tfaoi.com/am/6am/6am49.jpg

Fig. 55 : Hans Hofmann, The Golden Wall, 1961. http://www.hanshofmann.net/art/goldenwall.gif

Fig. 56: Frank Stella, Valparaiso Flesh and Green, 1963. http://www.hiandlomodern.com/IMAGES/ART/PAINTING/stella.jpg

Fig. 57: Romare Bearden, The Dove, 1964. http://www.lagcc.cuny.edu/psychology/moma/images/closer/bearden.jpg

Fig. 58: Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs, 1965. http://www.pucsp.br/rever/rv4_2005/t_grieve4.jpg

Fig. 59: Frank Stella, Raqqa II , 1970. http://ncartmuseum.org/graphics/pics/collections/20th/1950-2000/036_lrg.jpg

Fig. 60: Frank Stella, Lake City, 1970. http://www.blockmuseum.northwestern.edu/full/1985.87.5.jpg

Fig. 61: Ben Schonzeit, After the Hurricane, 1971. Riley, Charles. “Ben Schonzeit: Paintings.” New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2002.

Fig. 62: Frank Stella, Jarmolince III , 1973. http://www.metmuseum.org/special/stella/images/stella_01_L.jpg

Fig. 63: Ben Schonzeit. Horse and Rider, 1974. http://www.benschonzeit.com/content/seventies/seventies/1_horse_ryder.html

Fig. 64: Claes Oldenburg, Clothespin, 1976. http://faculty.evansville.edu/rl29/art105/img/oldenburg_clothespin.jpg

Fig. 65: Audrey Flack, Marilyn (Vanitas) , 1977. http://www.csupomona.edu/~plin/women2/images/flack_big.jpg

Fig. 66: Elizabeth Murray, Children Meeting, 1978. http://bp0.blogger.com/_ESC4bygtp2M/Rt_2TxIAHDI/AAAAAAAABRM/nxOz8pBGen8/s1600-h/Murray+Children+Meeting+1978.jpg

Fig. 67: Elizabeth Murray, Painter’s Progress, 1981. http://www.womansartjournal.org/images/27-1B.jpg

Fig. 68: Pat Steir, The Brueghel Series (A Vanitas of Styles), 1981-83. http://bp0.blogger.com/_j0_0cXEXWWU/RfWg5W4Y9yI/AAAAAAAAAUU/sOa6zz-EY3I/s1600-h/TheBrueghelSeries2.jpg

Fig. 69: Elizabeth Murray, Her Story, 1984. http://www.artchive.com/artchive/m/murray/her_story.jpg

Fig. 70: Frank Stella, Il Drago e la Cavallina Fatata , 1986. http://www.akiraikedagallery.com/aw_stella.htm




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